Saturday, 11 June 2016

Nickel-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling of Organolithium Reagents

During the past years, Feringa and co-workers have developed very efficient palladium-catalyzed methodologies for the cross-coupling of organolithium reagents. 
They have now described that nickel-based catalytic systems are also able to successfully cross-couple these organometallic reagents to a variety of (hetero)aryl electrophiles ( Chem. Eur. J. 2016, 22, 3991). 
The reactions take place in toluene at room temperature with a 50% molar excess of the organolithium reagent and are usually finished within an hour. 
In order to limit the formation of reduced (hetero)aryl electrophile, a different catalyst has to be used for the efficient coupling of aryl- or alkyl-lithium reagents, a N-heterocyclic carbene ligated one (C3 above) for the former and bis(diethyldiphosphino)ethane ligated one (C1 above) for the latter. 
While the substrate scope appears to be limited by the high reactivity of the organometallic partner, these nickel-catalyzed protocols allow a number of less usual electrophiles, such as methyl ethers or fluorides, to engage in the cross-coupling reaction.
 See original article

Homogeous Catalysis

Nickel-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling of Organolithium Reagents with (Hetero)Aryl Electrophiles (pages 3991–3995)Dorus Heijnen, Dr. Jean-Baptiste Gualtierotti, Dr. Valentín Hornillos and Prof. Dr. Ben L. Feringa
Version of Record online: 4 FEB 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/chem.201505106
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract
Nickel-catalyzed cross-coupling of aromatic electrophiles with organolithium reagents is presented. The use of a commercially available nickel N-heterocyclic carbene complex allows reaction with a variety of (hetero)aryllithium compounds, whereas a commercially available electron-rich nickel bisphosphine complex smoothly converts alkyllithium species into the corresponding coupled product.

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