Showing posts with label NMR. Show all posts
Showing posts with label NMR. Show all posts

Sunday, 5 November 2017

Oxidant- and hydrogen acceptor-free palladium catalyzed dehydrogenative cyclization of acylhydrazones to substituted oxadiazoles



Org. Chem. Front., 2018, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7QO00749C, Research Article
Qiangqiang Jiang, Xinghui Qi, Chenyang Zhang, Xuan Ji, Jin Li, Renhua Liu
An efficient method for the synthesis of 2,5-disubstituted 1,3,4-oxadiazoles has been developed through palladium(0) catalyzed dehydrogenative cyclization of N-arylidenearoylhydrazides without oxidants and hydrogen acceptors.

Oxidant- and hydrogen acceptor-free palladium catalyzed dehydrogenative cyclization of acylhydrazones to substituted oxadiazoles



Abstract

An efficient method for the synthesis of 2,5-disubstituted 1,3,4-oxadiazoles has been developed through palladium(0) catalyzed dehydrogenative cyclization of N-arylidenearoylhydrazides. By using this method, a wide range of functionalized and potentially biologically relevant 1,3,4-oxadiazole-containing compounds have been accessed in moderate to high isolated yields. The dehydrogenative cyclization process is characterized by the nonuse of any sacrificing hydrogen acceptors or oxidants and hydrogen gas as the only by-product, and therefore circumvents the recurring problems of over-oxidation and the compatibility with easily oxidizable functionalities in oxidation protocols.

109.6 mg, 87 % yield; White solid,

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.13 – 8.08 (m, 2H), 8.06 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 2H), 7.52 (m, 3H), 7.01 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 2H), 3.86 (s, 3H);

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3) δ 164.51, 164.10, 162.33, 131.54, 129.03, 128.67, 126.80, 124.05, 116.38, 114.50, 55.46; M.p. 145-146 oC.

2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole


1H NMR CDCL3






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Learn spectroscopy, Valeric acid or pentanoic acid. PROBLEM 1


Image result for MOTHER TO TEACH NMR
HE IS EXCITED TOO
Product Name: Valeric acid
CAS:109-52-4

valeric acid
pentansäure
acide pentanoic
ペンタン酸
109-52-4 CAS
C5H10O2


Valeric acid, or pentanoic acid.


This 13C spectrum exhibits resonances at the following chemical shifts, and with the multiplicities indicated:
Shift (ppm)
Mult.
180.8
S
33.8
T
26.8
T
22.4
T
3.58
Q

 (C5H10O2)
A= 13.4
B=22.4
C=26.8
D=33.8
E=180.6







1H NMR BELOW

t=0.78
m=1.22
m=1.46
t=2.2
s=11.8














NMR IS EASY
EVEN MOM CAN TEACH YOU
Image result for MOTHER TO TEACH NMR






2D [1H,1H]-TOCSY, 7.4 spectrum for Valeric acid

2D [1H,1H]-TOCSY

Concentration: 100 mM
temperature: 298 K
pH: 7.4



1D DEPT90, 7.4 spectrum for Valeric acid

1D DEPT90

Concentration: 100 mM
temperature: 298 K
pH: 7.4







1D DEPT135, 7.4 spectrum for Valeric acid


1D DEPT135

Concentration: 100 mM
temperature: 298 K
pH: 7.4


2D [1H,13C]-HSQC, 7.4 spectrum for Valeric acid

2D [1H,13C]-HSQC

Concentration: 100 mM
temperature: 298 K
pH: 7.4



2D [1H,13C]-HMBC, 7.4 spectrum for Valeric acid

2D [1H,13C]-HMBC

Concentration: 100 mM
temperature: 298 K
pH: 7.4
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“ORG SYNTHESIS INT” CATERS TO EDUCATION GLOBALLY, No commercial exploits are done or advertisements added by me. This is a compilation for educational purposes only. P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent

Friday, 20 October 2017

PHTHALAN




Phtalan

PHTHALAN


PHTHALAN.png
1H NMR PREDICT



13C NMR PREDICT






Phthalane is a bicyclic aromatic organic compound. It is also known as isocoumaran, or 1,3-dihydro-2-benzofuran. Derivatives are found in the drug Citalopram, and drug candidate Lu 10-171. It can be oxidised to phthalic acid.
Phthalane
Phthalan-2D-skeletal.png
Names
IUPAC name
1,3-dihydroisobenzofuran
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard100.007.106
EC Number207-815-2
PubChem CID
Properties
C8H8O
Molar mass120.148
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).


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Saturday, 29 April 2017

Visible-light-induced and iron-catalyzed methylation of N-arylacrylamides with dimethyl sulphoxide: a convenient access to 3-ethyl-3-methyl oxindoles

Visible-light-induced and iron-catalyzed methylation of N-arylacrylamides with dimethyl sulphoxide: a convenient access to 3-ethyl-3-methyl oxindoles

Org. Biomol. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7OB00779E, Paper
Zuguang Xie, Pinhua Li, Yu Hu, Ning Xu, Lei Wang
An efficient synthesis of 3-ethyl-3-methyl oxindoles by visible-light promoted and iron-catalyzed difunctionalization of N-arylacrylamides with dimethyl sulphoxide was developed

Visible-light-induced and iron-catalyzed methylation of N-arylacrylamides with dimethyl sulphoxide: a convenient access to 3-ethyl-3-methyl oxindoles

Abstract

A visible-light-induced and iron-catalyzed methylation of arylacrylamides by dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) is achieved, leading to 3-ethyl-3-methyl indolin-2-ones in high yields. This reaction tolerates a series of functional groups, such as methoxy, trifluoromethyl, cyano, nitro, acetyl and ethyloxy carbonyl groups. The visible-light promoted radical methylation and arylation of the alkenyl group are involved in this reaction.
Graphical abstract: Visible-light-induced and iron-catalyzed methylation of N-arylacrylamides with dimethyl sulphoxide: a convenient access to 3-ethyl-3-methyl oxindoles
str1 str2
 
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Tuesday, 4 April 2017

Palladium-catalyzed coupling of azoles with 1-aryltriazenes via C–H/C–N cleavage

 

Palladium-catalyzed coupling of azoles with 1-aryltriazenes via C–H/C–N cleavage

*Corresponding authors

Abstract

In the presence of CuCl and ButOLi, PdCl2/dppe catalyzes the reaction of (benzo)oxazoles or (benzo)thiazoles with 1-aryltriazenes to yield arylated products of (benzo)oxazoles or (benzo)thiazoles. Functional groups including F, Cl, CF3, COOEt, CN, OMe, NMe2, Py, and thienyl groups can be tolerated.
Graphical abstract: Palladium-catalyzed coupling of azoles with 1-aryltriazenes via C–H/C–N cleavage

Regioselective acylation and carboxylation of [60]fulleroindoline via electrochemical synthesis

    str5
3a (11.2 mg, 38%) were obtained along with unreacted 1 (1.1 mg, 4%).
1H NMR (400 MHz, CS2/CDCl3) δ 8.39 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.60 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 2H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (s, 1H), 7.04 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 5.95 (s, 1H), 2.76 (s, 3H), 2.52 (s, 3H);
13C NMR (100 MHz, CS2/CDCl3, all 1C unless indicated) δ 196.06 (C=O), 167.78 (C=O), 152.39, 152.08, 151.38, 150.04, 149.83, 149.22, 148.81, 148.52, 148.26, 147.93, 147.86, 147.73, 147.36, 147.18, 147.14 (2C), 146.91, 146.86, 146.41, 146.40, 145.99 (2C), 145.95, 145.92, 145.53, 145.37, 145.33, 144.82 (2C), 144.80, 144.72, 144.54, 144.42, 144.31, 144.14, 143.84, 143.65, 143.42, 143.31, 143.05, 142.13, 141.93, 141.79, 141.72 (2C), 141.69, 141.55, 141.35, 141.24, 141.10, 140.63, 140.14, 139.93 (aryl C), 138.84, 137.70, 137.54 (aryl C), 137.47, 137.38, 135.44 (aryl C), 133.14 (aryl C), 129.16 (2C, aryl C), 128.72 (2C, aryl C), 128.61 (aryl C), 125.80 (aryl C), 125.42 (aryl C), 115.11 (aryl C), 83.58 (sp3 -C of C60), 69.89 (sp3 -C of C60), 62.42 (sp3 -C of C60), 56.81 (sp3 -C of C60), 26.84, 22.25;
UV-vis (CHCl3) λmax nm (log ε) 251.0 (5.1), 318.5 (4.6), 403.5 (4.0), 440.0 (3.9), 525.5 (3.2), 703.5 (2.5);
FT-IR ν/cm-1 (KBr) 2922, 2860, 1668, 1599, 1499, 1439, 1366, 1304, 1236, 1180, 1086, 1020, 964, 858, 802, 748, 691, 604, 528;
MALDI-TOF MS m/z calcd for C76H16NO2 [M+H]+ 974.1176, found 974.1165.

Regioselective acylation and carboxylation of [60]fulleroindoline via electrochemical synthesis

Abstract

A regioselective and highly efficient electrochemical method for direct acylation and carboxylation of a [60]fulleroindoline has been developed. By using inexpensive and readily available acyl chlorides and chloroformates, both keto and ester groups can be easily attached onto the fullerene skeleton to afford 1,2,3,16-functionalized [60]fullerene derivatives regioselectively. In addition, a plausible mechanism for the formation of fullerenyl ketones and esters is proposed, and their further transformations under basic and acidic conditions have been investigated.

Regioselective acylation and carboxylation of [60]fulleroindoline via electrochemical synthesis

    str5
3a (11.2 mg, 38%) were obtained along with unreacted 1 (1.1 mg, 4%).
1H NMR (400 MHz, CS2/CDCl3) δ 8.39 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.60 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 2H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (s, 1H), 7.04 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 5.95 (s, 1H), 2.76 (s, 3H), 2.52 (s, 3H);
13C NMR (100 MHz, CS2/CDCl3, all 1C unless indicated) δ 196.06 (C=O), 167.78 (C=O), 152.39, 152.08, 151.38, 150.04, 149.83, 149.22, 148.81, 148.52, 148.26, 147.93, 147.86, 147.73, 147.36, 147.18, 147.14 (2C), 146.91, 146.86, 146.41, 146.40, 145.99 (2C), 145.95, 145.92, 145.53, 145.37, 145.33, 144.82 (2C), 144.80, 144.72, 144.54, 144.42, 144.31, 144.14, 143.84, 143.65, 143.42, 143.31, 143.05, 142.13, 141.93, 141.79, 141.72 (2C), 141.69, 141.55, 141.35, 141.24, 141.10, 140.63, 140.14, 139.93 (aryl C), 138.84, 137.70, 137.54 (aryl C), 137.47, 137.38, 135.44 (aryl C), 133.14 (aryl C), 129.16 (2C, aryl C), 128.72 (2C, aryl C), 128.61 (aryl C), 125.80 (aryl C), 125.42 (aryl C), 115.11 (aryl C), 83.58 (sp3 -C of C60), 69.89 (sp3 -C of C60), 62.42 (sp3 -C of C60), 56.81 (sp3 -C of C60), 26.84, 22.25;
UV-vis (CHCl3) λmax nm (log ε) 251.0 (5.1), 318.5 (4.6), 403.5 (4.0), 440.0 (3.9), 525.5 (3.2), 703.5 (2.5);
FT-IR ν/cm-1 (KBr) 2922, 2860, 1668, 1599, 1499, 1439, 1366, 1304, 1236, 1180, 1086, 1020, 964, 858, 802, 748, 691, 604, 528;
MALDI-TOF MS m/z calcd for C76H16NO2 [M+H]+ 974.1176, found 974.1165.

Regioselective acylation and carboxylation of [60]fulleroindoline via electrochemical synthesis

Abstract

A regioselective and highly efficient electrochemical method for direct acylation and carboxylation of a [60]fulleroindoline has been developed. By using inexpensive and readily available acyl chlorides and chloroformates, both keto and ester groups can be easily attached onto the fullerene skeleton to afford 1,2,3,16-functionalized [60]fullerene derivatives regioselectively. In addition, a plausible mechanism for the formation of fullerenyl ketones and esters is proposed, and their further transformations under basic and acidic conditions have been investigated.

1,5-bis-(2-furanyl)-1,4-pentadien-3-one (FAF)

A catalytic aldol condensation system enables one pot conversion of biomass saccharides to biofuel intermediates

Abstract

Producing bio-intermediates from lignocellulosic biomass with minimal process steps has a far-reaching impact on the biofuel industry. We studied the metal chloride catalyzed aldol condensation of furfural with acetone under conditions compatible with the upstream polysaccharide conversions to furfurals. In situ far infrared spectroscopy (FIR) was applied to guide the screening of aldol condensation catalysts based on the distinguishing characteristics of metal chlorides in their coordination chemistries with carbonyl-containing compounds. NiCl2, CoCl2, CrCl3, VCl3, FeCl3, and CuCl2 were selected as the potential catalysts in this study. The FIR results further helped to rationalize the excellent catalytic performance of VCl3 in furfural condensation with acetone, with 94.7% yield of biofuel intermediates (C8, C13) in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([BMIM]Cl) solvent. Remarkably, addition of ethanol facilitated the acetal pathway of the condensation reaction, which dramatically increased the desired product selectivity over the furfural pathway. Most significantly, we demonstrate for the first time that VCl3 catalyzed aldol condensation in acidic medium is fully compatible with upstream polysaccharide hydrolysis to monosaccharide and the subsequent monosaccharide isomerization and dehydration to furfurals. Our preliminary results showed that a 44% yield of biofuel intermediates (C8, C13) can be obtained in one-pot conversion of xylose catalyzed by paired metal chlorides, CrCl2 and VCl3. A number of prior works have shown that the biofuel intermediates derived from the one-pot reaction of this work can be readily hydrogenated to biofuels.
Graphical abstract: A catalytic aldol condensation system enables one pot conversion of biomass saccharides to biofuel intermediates
1,5-bis-(2-furanyl)-1,4-pentadien-3-one (FAF)
FAF is a yellow solid.1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3, TMS) δ 7.51 – 7.46 (m, 4H), 6.92 (d, J = 15.6 Hz, 2H), 6.69 (d, J = 3.4 Hz, 2H), 6.50 – 6.49 (m, 2H);13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3) δ 188.1, 151.6, 144.9, 129.2, 123.2, 115.8, 112.6